ONLINE LAND MANAGEMENT/GIS SYSTEMS
There Web-based systems that helps First Nations manage lands
- LABRC Website is a public site where Lands Governance Directors can access information, tools and effective practices such as documents, checklists, videos, etc.
- First Nation Land Registry System (FNLRS) is an electronic registry system, which holds a database of instruments registered in the Indian Lands Registry relating to Reserve Lands under the First Nation Land Management Act. There is a public site which can be accessed by any person interested in obtaining parcel information and a secure site which is managed by the First Nation. This system is hosted by Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada. http://services.aadnc-INAC.gc.ca/ILRS_Public/home/home.aspx (Updated link coming soon)
• Canada Lands Survey System (CLSS) – Natural Resources Canada provides the CLSS Map Browser, CLSS Survey Plan Search and Canada Lands overlay for use in earth browsers – these system allows users to browse the CLSS cadastral data to search and visualize administrative boundaries and related survey parcels and plans maintained by the Surveyor General Branch (SGB).
- CLSS Map Browser – http://clss.nrcan.gc.ca/map-carte-eng.php?rg=bc
- Survey Plan Search – http://clss.nrcan.gc.ca/advancedplansearch-rechercheplanavance-eng.php
- Canada Lands In Google Earth – http://clss.nrcan.gc.ca/googledata-donneesgoogle-eng.php (Updated link coming soon)
- FNLRS User Guide – Attachment N – (Link coming soon!)
Each First Nation will develop their own processes to meet the needs of their unique land management systems. Some examples are as follows:
- Squiala First Nation – Land Department – purpose to administer interests in land and natural resources consistent with the Land Code and related agreements.
- Tsleil-Waututh Nation – Reserve Lands Register – registration and recording of interests or licences on Tsleil-Waututh Reserve lands are carried out by the Tsleil-Waututh Lands Register. http://www.twnation.ca/en/Government/Departments/Lands%20Registry.aspx (Updated link coming soon)
- Kitselas First Nation – Laws & Policies – As new Kitselas Laws are developed, complementary policies and procedures are needed to provide for smooth implementation of these new legal frameworks on Kitselas Reserve Lands.
- Westbank First Nation – Regional Mapping System – WFN now manages their lands under their own self-government agreement. Being an urban reserve, WFN has entered into a regional mapping system with surrounding municipalities.
http://www.rdcogis.com/GIS_App/RDCO_GIS_App.html. WFN’s manages their lands and taxation with customized operational software.
Most First Nations can manage with the Web-based, however, as the First Nation continues to grow, their organizational needs may increase. There is potential for collaboration with surrounding communities and/or customized administrative software. The development of these systems can become very costly.
The following are some sample Land Inventory codes that you may want to consider in database design:
LAND USE TYPE
LAND USE CODE
SERVICES ACCESS ROUTES
Good Practices Guide – Success In Building And Keeping An Aboriginal Mapping Program this may be a useful document was prepared by Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources (CIER): http://www.yourcier.org/uploads/2/5/6/1/25611440/good_practices_guide.pdf
Other GIS Data sources in BC:
- GeoBC – http://geobc.gov.bc.ca/applications/index.html (Updated link coming soon)
- iMapBC – http://maps.gov.bc.ca/ess/hm/imap4m/
- DataBC – http://maps.gov.bc.ca/ess/sv/olc/
- Integrated Cadastral Information Society – www.icisociety.ca
NOTE FOR FIRST NATIONS IN QUEBEC
The examples provided relate to common law jurisdictions. They must be adapted in Quebec when dealing with bi-juridical concepts. For additional support, seek assistance from the FNLMRC Support Staff.